Turabian/Chicago Style

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 Citing Electronic Resources: Turabian/Chicago Style


Introduction

    Chicago Style:

The Chicago Manual of Style, first published in 1906 under the name of A Manual of Style, has been revised and updated throughout the century. The most recent edition--the 16th edition--was published in 2010. Goleman Library carries the edition in Ready Reference and Main Book Collection [Z253 .U69 2010]. The full list of updates can also be found online at The Chicago Manual of Style Online.  

The Chicago Manual of Style is the lengthiest of all the manuals of writing styles published in the United States. It is known for its detailed instructions on notes, parenthetical references, and discipline-specific documentations. It is mainly used by publishers, designers, editors, as well scholars and researchers of the following disciplines:

     Turabian Style:

Recognizing the need of simplifying the Chicago manual for college students, Kate Turabian, then the dissertations secretary at the University of Chicago, developed a cheaper and simplified version of the Chicago style in mid-1930s. Her manual, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, became so popular among college students that it was, thereafter, called the Turabian Style. After her death in 1987, editors from the University of Chicago Press revised and updated her manual. The 7th edition was published in 2007 and is available in Goleman Library's Ready Reference and Skills Express Collection [LB2369. T8 2007]. For a quick guide, please check the Turabian Quick Guide from the University of Chicago Press.

For more examples on Notes-Bibliography Style, please go to Trinity University's Turabian Style Citations.


The following citation guide is based on Turabian's manual because of its simplicity and targeted  readers--college students.

General Guidelines for Works Cited or References
N=Notes, arranged in numerical order at the end of the page as footnotes or at the end of your research paper as endnotes. B=Bibliography, which lists all the sources used by the author in writing the book or paper at the end of your research paper. PR=Parenthetical Reference, used in the body of your paper. It referes the reader to your RL for more information. RL=Reference List, referring to the "Works Cited" or "References" list at the end of your research paper.


Article in an Internet-Only Journal:

N:           1Rick Vetter, "Kissing bugs and the skin," Dermatology Online Journal 7, no. 1 (2001),

           http://dematology.cdlib.org/DOJvol7num1/centerfold/triatoma/vetter.html (accessed November 15, 2001).

B:       Vetter, Rick. "Kissing bugs and the skin." Dermatology Online Journal 7, no. 1 (2001),

                 http://dematology.cdlib.org/DOJvol7num1/centerfold/triatoma/vetter.html (accessed November 15, 2001).

PR:     (Vetter 2001)

RL:     Vetter, Rick. 2001. Kissing bugs and the skin. Dermatology Online Journal 7, no 1 (2001),

                 http://dematology.cdlib.org/DOJvol7num1/centerfold/triatoma/vetter.html (accessed November 15, 2001).


Journal Articles from Subscription Online Databases:

When searching an online database subscribed by a library, the URL or Web address of an online magazine/journal article can be extremely long and inaccessible directly from the Web. In addition, the complete page numbers of an article may not be indicated. In this case, you are advised to cite the author's name (if given), publication year, article title, journal title, volume number (if given), name of the database, URL of the database home page, and date of access.  

N:            2Dlawer Ala'Aldeen, "Risk of deliberately induced anthrax outbreak," The Lancet 358, no. 9291 (2001),   

           in Health Reference Center, http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

B:       Ala'Aldeen, Dlawer. "Risk of deliberately induced anthrax outbreak." The Lancet 358, no. 9291 (2001),

                Health Reference Center. http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

PR:    (Ala'Aldeen 2001)

RL:    Ala'Aldeen, Dlawer. 2001. Risk of deliberately induced anthrax outbreak. The Lancet  358, no. 9291 (2001),

                Health Reference Center. http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).


Magazine Articles from Subscription Online Databases:

Turabian style cites magazine articles differently from journal articles. Magazine articles are usually short and informational. They are not research-oriented, and there are usually no bibliography or references or works cited at the end of magazine articles. When citing an online magazine article available from one of the databases subscribed by a library, you are advised to cite the author's name (if given), publication year, article title, magazine title, date and the month in which it was published, page number (or the beginning page number with a plus sign), name of the database, URL of the database home page, and date of access.

N:            3Connie Leslie, "One class fits all," Newsweek, December 9, 1996, 71, Expanded Academic ASAP,         

           http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

B:       Leslie, Connie. "One class fits all." Newsweek, December 9, 1996, 71, Expanded Academic ASAP.

                 http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

PR:    (Leslie 1996, 71)

RL:    Leslie, Connie. 1996. One class fits all. Newsweek,  December 9, Expanded Academic ASAP.

                http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com (accessed November 15, 2001).


Electronic Books

When citing an electronic book, you are advised to cite the author's name (if given), publication year, title of the book, publication place, publisher, URL or Web address, and date of access.

N:             4Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (Medford, MA: The Republic of Pemberkey, 1996),

           http://www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/pridprej.html (accessed November 15, 2001).

B:       Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. Medford, MA: The Republic of Pemberkey, 1996.

                 http://www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/pridprej.html (accessed November 15, 2001).

PR:    (Austen 1996)

RL:    Austen,  Jane. 1996. Pride and prejudice. Medford, MA: The Republic of Pemberkey.

                http://www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/pridprej.html (accessed November 15, 2001).


Online Newspaper/Newswire Articles

Daily Newspaper Article:

N:              5L. D. Hatfield, "FBI frustrated in pursuit of anthrax perpetrators: Few answers found

           in probe of mail terrorism,"  San Francisco Chronicle, November 7, 2001,

           http://www.sfgate.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

B:       Hatfield, L. D. "FBI frustrated in pursuit of anthrax perpetrators: Few answers found in probe

                 of mail terrorism."  San Francisco Chronicle, November 7, 2001,

                 http://www.sfgate.com (accessed November 15, 2001).

PR:    (Hatfield 2001)

RL:    Hatfield, L. D. 2012. FBI frustrated in pursuit of anthrax perpetrators: Few answers found in probe

                 of mail terrorism. San Francisco Chronicle, November 7,

                 http://www.sfgate.com (accessed November 15, 2001).
 

Newspaper/Newswire Articles Retrieved from a Subscription Online Database:

When searching a subscription online newspaper database from a library, the Web address of an online newspaper article can be extremely long and inaccessible directly from the Web.  In this case, you are advised to cite the author (if known), title of the article, title of the newspaper/newswire, date of publication, name of the database, URL of the database home page, and date of retrieval.

N:             6R. Fournier, "Bush to offer job to Cheney," Associated Press News Service, July  25

            2000, NewsBank NewsFile, http://infoweb.newsbank.com (accessed July 28, 2000).

B:        Fournier, R. "Bush to offer job to Cheney." Associated Press News Service, July 25, 2000,

                  NewsBank NewsFile. http://infoweb.newsbank.com (accessed July 28, 2000).

PR:     (Fournier 2000)

RL:     Fournier, R. 2000. Bush to offer job to Cheney. Associated Press News Service, July 25,

                 NewsBank NewsFile. http://infoweb.newsbank.com (accessed July 28, 2000).


Personal Communications
(E-mail or messages from nonarchived discussion groups or electronic bulletin boards)

Instruction: Provide the author's name, title or subject of the e-mail, and date of the e-mail.

N:            7Jun Wang, Electronic citations, e-mail message to author, November 7, 2012.

B:       Wang, Jun. Electronic citations. E-mail message to author. (November 7, 2012).

PR:    (Wang 2002)

RL:    Wang, Jun. Electronic citations. E-mail message to author. (November 7, 2012).


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Please send questions or comments about this page to:
Dr. Jun Wang

Updated: 15 November 2012