Citing Electronic Resources: APA Style


Introduction
APA style is the preferred writing style of  The American Psychological Association. It is widely used by scholars, researchers, and students of Psychology, Sociology, Education, Political Science, and History in researching, recording, documenting, and writing research papers.
The following recommendations for citing electronic resources are based on the 6th edition of  Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010) and selective Web publications on APA electronic citations. A copy of the manual should be available at the reference desk of your academic or public library in the United States. For more online instructions and examples of APA general writing format, parenthetical reference, Reference List of various sources, and notes, please go to Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/>.

Guidelines for Reference List

Journal Article from an Internet-Only Publication:

Author's last name, First name initial, and Middle name initial. (Publication year). Article title. Journal Title,

Journal Article from a Subscription Online Database:

Note: To cite a journal article from one of your library's subscription online databases, you may omit access date and the database name according to the latest edition of Publication Manual of the American Pscyhological Association if the journal is available in print format. In this case, cite it as if it is a print source if it can be easily located electronically.

Author's last name, First name initial, and Middle name initial. (Publication year, Month). Article title. Journal Title,

volume number(issue number), the beginning page number followed by a plus sign if the original publication

has more than 1 page.

Norwood, V. L. (1987, Summer). The nature of knowing: Pachel Carson and the American environment. Signs,

12(4), 740-760.

Lamontagne, N. D. (2010, September). How green is my vehicle? Plastics Engineering66(8), 22+. 

Magazine Article from a Subscription Online Database:

Note: To cite a magazine article from one of your library's subscription online databases, you may omit access date and the database name according to the latest edition of Publication Manual of the American Pscyhological Association if it is available in print format and easily located in the online databases . In other words, cite it as if it is a print source if it can be easily located electronically.

Author's last name, First name initial, and Middle name initial. (Year, Month). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume number,

Page number.

McKoon, K. (2009, Spring). College speak 101: Words, phrases, and what to know when embarking upon the 'College Game'. 

 Careers & Colleges, 30+. 

Chapter of an Edited Book from a Subscription Online Database

Note: For books or chapters that are available in print format, cite them as if they are print sources even though you have retrieved them from subscription online databases.

Author's last name, First name initial, and Middle name initial. (Year). Article title. In Book title, (edition, Volume number,

Page number range). Publication Pace: Publisher.

Sullivan, T. (2001). Bankruptcy and credit. In Encyclopedia of sociology, (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 201-208). New York:

Macmillan Reference USA.

For books or chapters available only online, the electronic retrieval statement takes the place of publisher location and name.

Tran, M., & Odle, T. G. (Jan 1, 2006). Nutrition.  Gale encyclopedia of medicine. Retrieved from Academic

Austen, J. (1996). Pride and prejudice. Retrieved from http://www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/pridprej.html

Bankruptcy. (2006). In J. Wilson (Ed.), Gale encyclopedia of everyday law, (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 283-287).

Retrieved from Gale Virtual Reference Library via Gale.

Online Newspaper Article from a Subscription Online Database:

Freeman, L. (2010, December 1). Nurses discuss how to improve health care. Naples Daily News (FL).

Retrieved from NewsBank America's Newspapers.

Online Newspaper Article from a Website:

Article from a Website with a Corporate Author:

Corporate Author's Name. (Publication Year). Article title. Retrieved from URL

The Vitamins & Nutrition Center. (2010). Vitamin B12. Retrieved from

http://www.vitamins-nutrition.org//vitamins-guide/vitamin-b-12-cyanocobalamin.html

Message Posted to an E-Mail List:

(E-mail or messages from a discussion groups or electronic mailing list)

Author's last name, First name initial, and Middle name initial. (Year, Month Date). Title of the e-mail as listed in the subject field

[Specific type of message]. Retrieved from the URL

Doe, J. (2010, December 2). How to use Bing: Instructions [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved

from http://www.ehow.com/message/10


For instructions on how to cite books and articles in print format in References and how to do in-text citations in APA style, please visit the following website:
    Purdue University Online Writing Lab
   


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Dr. Jun Wang
Last updated: Oct. 31,2013